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Ohio enters Grand Harbour.

Undoubtedly the most famous convoy to Malta was Pedestal & perhaps the most famous ship in the convoy was the Ohio, commanded by Captain D.W.Mason.
She belonged to the Texas Oil Company & was an American tanker on loan to the British.
Ohio was an oil tanker of some 9,514 tons. Her cargo was 11,500 tons of kerosene & fuel oil. On the 13th August she was attacked & hit by a bomb. Later she was near missed by 2 parachute mines. A German dive bomber (Stuka) was hit with fire from the Ohio & the Ashanti & crashed into the side of the tanker. Another bomber was also hit in the attack & crashed onto Ohio's deck. The explosions blew out the boilers & she came to a stop. Penn & Ledbury stayed with Ohio as protection.
At dusk she was hit by torpedo which wrecked the steering gear & shipboard communications. She had a large hole in the main deck & the pumproom was exposed to the sea. Bulkheads were badly damaged & tank lids buckled & open. The crew fought the fires & the engineers tried to get the engines back on line.
By the morning of the 14th she was under way again in the tow of Rye. Penn & Bramham were lashed to the sides with Ledbury helping to steer from behind. An escort of minesweepers - Hebe, Hythe & Speedy joined but again they were attacked by bombers & the Ohio was hit by another bomb which nearly finished her insight of the harbour.
Eventually on Saturday 15th August they made Grand Harbour where the Ohio was moored & her cargo discharged. She was later moored in Rinella Bay but broke in two & settled on the bottom in shallow water. Each half was made watertight & one half was used as a base for small naval units & the other as a store. After the war on the 19th September 1946 the front half was towed out to sea 10 miles from the entrance to Grand Harbour & was sunk by gunfire from HMS Virago.
The stern half was taken out 2 weeks later & sunk with explosive charges.
It is interesting that the crews of the destroyers which towed Ohio into harbour were awarded salvage money. An Ordinary Seaman on the Bramham was awarded £2 12s 6d.

HMS Bramham & HMS Penn lashed to Ohio & nursing her towards Grand Harbour.
Behind was
HMS Ledbury helping to steer & towing was HMS Rye. This photo was probably taken outside Grand Harbour.

Wheel of Ohio currently residing in the Malta National War Museum

Unknown ship (possibly a troop landing ship) in the foreground but the photo is interesting as Ohio can be seen on the right in Rinella Bay

Photo of Ohio in first resting place


Malta Convoys. David A. Thomas.
Pedestal. The Malta Convoy of August 1942. Peter C. Smith.